Laura Do Vale
Laura Do Vale is a trained clinical psychologist as well as a neuro-psychologist with over ten years of practice. She is currently doing her PhD from the University of Estremadura, Spain. She has practiced at the trauma unit of the Central Hospital of S. Jose; at the oncology unit at Capuchos Hospital, the Children’s Hospital at Dona Estefânia and as the pneumologist at the Hospital of Sta Marta, Lisboa – Portugal. She now works at Muscat Private Hospital.
Parental help is essential for toilet training, as is making allowances for the child's pace and progress.
We are in the high season when many people take vacations. It is natural then to imagine that those who are away from their office or studies are already 'upside down', replacing the energy lost due to day-to-day stress. But this is no absolute truth, some people feel more tired when on vacation than when they are working.
As everyone knows, it is children's work to play, with toys being their work tools. The question that arises, though, is what kind of toys should they have? Which are the most and least appropriate? How should we decide?
Stuttering or stammering is technically known as a language disorder that affects about one per cent of children. It is characterised by a change in the pace of speech, leading to repetition or interruptions in speech. This causes disruptions in terms of the rhythm and melody of speech. Although the reasons are not very well known, the fact is that boys are more affected than girls, in a ratio of 3:1.
Stress can be defined as the sum of physical and mental responses caused by certain external stimuli (stressors). These responses allow the individual (human or animal) to overcome certain requirements of the environment and the physical and mental burden caused by this process.